Prospects for Peace in South Asia, the inaugural title in a new series of "Studies of the Asia-Pacific Research Center" published by Stanford University Press, addresses the largely hostile, often violent relations between India and Pakistan that date from their independence in 1947. The persistent conflict between the two neighboring countries over Kashmir has defied numerous international attempts at resolution and entered its most dangerous phase when both India and Pakistan became nuclear powers in 1998.
The struggle over Kashmir is enduringly rooted in national identity, religion, and human rights. It has also influenced the politicization of Pakistan's army, religious radicalism, and nuclearization in both countries. This incisive volume analyzes these forces, their impact on relations between the two countries, and alternative roles the United States might play in resolving the dispute. While acknowledging the risks, the book is optimistic about peace in South Asia. The key argument is that many of the domestic concerns (such as territorial integrity in both countries and civilian-military rapprochement in Pakistan) that were fueling the conflict have abated.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction, by Rafiq Dossani and Henry S. Rowen
PAKISTAN: POLITICS AND KASHMIR
2. Islamic Extremism and Regional Conflict in South Asia, by Vali Nasr
3. Constitutional and Political Change in Pakistan: The Military-Governance Paradigm, by Charles H. Kennedy
4. The Practice of Islam in Pakistan and the Influence of Islam on Pakistani Politics, by C. Christine Fair and Karthik Vaidyanathan
5. Pakistan's Relations with Azad Kashmir and the Impact on Indo-Pakistani Relations, by Rifaat Hussain
INDIA: POLITICS AND KASHMIR
6.Who Speaks for India? The Role of Civil Society in Defining Indian Nationalism, by Ainslie T. Embree
7. Hindu Nationalism and the BJP: Transforming Religion and Politics in India, by Robert L. Hardgrave, Jr.
8. Hindu Ethnonationalism, Muslim Jihad, and Secularism: Muslims in the Political Life of the Republic of India, by Barbara D. Metcalf
9. Jammu and Kashmir in the Indian Union: The Politics of Autonomy, by Chandrashekhar Dasgupta
INDIA AND PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR DOCTRINES AND U.S. CONCERNS
10. The Stability-Instability Paradox, Misperception, and Escalation-Control in South Asia, by Michael Krepon
11. Pakistan's Nuclear Doctrine, by Peter R. Lavoy
12. Coercive Diplomacy in a Nuclear Environment: The December 13 Crisis, by Rajesh M. Basrur
13. U.S. Interests in South Asia, by Howard B. Schaffer
About the Contributors