Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Stanford University


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Negotiating with North Korea: 1992-2007


John W. Lewis - Stanford University
Robert Carlin - Stanford University

January 2008

Over the past seven years, public debate and political commentary on North Korea’s nuclear program have pitted one mode of negotiations (bilateral) against another (multilateral).  That debate obscured important lessons from the past and impeded diplomatic progress.  The purpose of this paper is not to revisit the debate between the various approaches but rather to analyze the diplomacy as it has actually unfolded.