Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Stanford University


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Capitol Ideas

Book Review

Amy Zegart - Co-Director of CISAC; Davies Family Senior Fellow and Associate Director of Academic Affairs, Hoover Institution; Professor of Political Economy (by courtesy), Graduate School of Business

Published by
The American Interest, March 3, 2014

First paragraph of the article: 

“The road to real intelligence reform is littered with the carcasses of forgotten studies and ignored reports.” When Senate Intelligence Committee Vice Chairman Richard Shelby wrote those words in December 2002, the United States was still reeling from 9/11, the congressional intelligence committees were grappling with what went wrong, and the 9/11 Commission was just getting started. What happened next was improbable: Within two years, Congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (IRTPA), the most sweeping restructuring of U.S. intelligence agencies in half a century.