Elaine Korzak is a Ph.D student in the Department of War Studies at King´s College London. She joined CISAC in September 2013 as a pre-doctoral cybersecurity fellow.
Elaine´s thesis examines the applicability and adequacy of two key international legal frameworks to the emerging phenomenon of cyber attacks. With their unique characteristics, such as swiftness, their non-kinetic nature and anonymity, cyber attacks promise to fundamentally challenge the current legal paradigm which is based on a state-centered concept of armed force involving some degree of kinetic energy transfer through blast and fragmentation. As a result, states as well as scholars have called for a new regulatory framework to govern cyber attacks. Elaine´s thesis evaluates such calls by examining how cyber attacks challenge current legal norms and whether the identified challenges ultimately warrant a new legal framework. The analysis focuses on two areas in particular: international law on the use of force (jus ad bellum) and international humanitarian law (jus in bello).
During her time at CISAC, Elaine is conducting empirical research examining states´ responses to the legal challenges created by cyber attacks. Her analysis focuses on various state positions in key international forums, including the United Nations and the International Telecommunication Union.
Elaine earned a Bachelor´s degree in International Relations from the University of Dresden (Germany) before focusing her research interests at the interface of international law and security studies. She holds both an MA in International Peace and Security from King´s College London and an LL.M in Public International Law from the LSE. Her professional experience includes various governmental and non-governmental institutions (both national and international) where she has worked on various disarmament and international security issues. These include, most recently, NATO´s Cyber Defence Section as well as the European Commission´s Director-General on Information Society and Media.