Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Stanford University





February 21, 2014 - Shorenstein APARC, Japan Studies Program Announcement

Syncretism: The Politics of Economic Restructuring and System Reform in Japan

Japan’s first decade of the twenty-first century was both disappointing and bewildering, producing wildly contrasting evaluations. Many have come to call this period the “second lost decade,” characterized by policy paralysis and overall lackluster economic growth.

For those studying Japan more closely, however, the same decades reveal nothing short of a broad transformation in numerous core tenets of Japan’s postwar political economy. How can we best capture this transformation?

Each chapter in this volume examines a different aspect of Japan’s political economy within a longer historical trajectory, from multiple angles, to depict a flexible but resilient system. We characterize Japan’s process of change as syncretism—practices foreign, domestic, old and new were selectively adopted, mixed and matched, along the way creating a new and unique hybrid system.


Syncretism: The Politics of Economic Restructuring and System Reform in Japan, edited by Kenji E. Kushida, Kay Shimizu, and Jean C. Oi, is available for purchase from Brookings Institution Press.