Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Stanford University


The Arak IR-40 Heavy Water Reactor in Iran, Oct. 14, 2012.
Photo credit: Creative Commons



November 5, 2013 - CISAC In the News

Converting an enrichment plant into nuclear weapons facility

Ivanka Barzashka, a physicist and CISAC affiliate, explains in this article how a country converts a civilian enrichment plant into a nuclear weapons material facility.

Barzashka, a research associate at the Center for Science and Security Studies at King's College in London, says the ability to produce weapons material has been widely used as a proxy measure for a country's nuclear weapons potential. But she notes that most estimates of a country's time to a bomb are typically not predcitions of when it will actually produce one.

Iran, for example, has been one to five years away from a bomb since 1985.




Topics: Nuclear nonproliferation | Science and Technology | Iran