Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Stanford University


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October 12, 2012 - CISAC In the News

1962 or 2012? Intelligence agencies still failing 50 years on

Appeared in Foreign Policy, October 10, 2012

CISAC Faculty Member Amy Zegart outlines how 50 years after the Cuban Missile Crisis, the CIA and other intelligence agencies still operate in an organizational and psychological mindset that favors consensus and consistency. Zegart argues that these "invisible pressures" led to intelligence failures in Cuba in 1962 and Iraq in 2002, when dissenting opinions and internal disagreements were downplayed. The CIA and other intelligence agencies will continue making these mistakes until they recognize their organizational failures. 




Topics: History | Homeland Security | Institutions and Organizations | Nuclear safety and security | Terrorism | Terrorism and counterterrorism | Cuba